Match a disruptive technology from the first column with an industry from the second. In one paragraph, explain specific ways that technology could transform how things are done in that industry. In the next paragraph, explain who will benefit and who will suffer due to this disruption. In the third, imagine the effects on society if the old way of doing things completely disappears. What will be gained, and what will be lost?

You must cite evidence or quotes from at least three sources; you may start your research at Wikipedia but the sources you cite cannot be Wikipedia itself. For the purposes of this assignment, you do not need to write a formal bibliographic citation; incorporating a linked title into our post will suffice.

❌🤖 You may not use an AI tool for this assignment. This prohibition will help you compare the experience of researching and writing this task with future tasks in which you are required to use AI.

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Disruptive technologies

  • 3d printing
  • Artificial intelligence
  • Autonomous vehicles
  • Blockchain/Cryptocurrencies
  • Commercial spaceflight
  • Green technologies
  • Mobile devices
  • MOOCs
  • Quantum computing
  • Sharing economy
  • Social media
  • Streaming media
  • Virtual and Augmented Reality
  • Work from home

Industries disrupted

  • 3d manufacturers
  • Bookstore owners
  • Cable executives
  • Camera manufacturers
  • Car dealers
  • Car manufacturers
  • Cashiers
  • Construction workers
  • Customer Service agents
  • Cybersecurity experts
  • Filmmakers
  • Hotel workers
  • Illustrators
  • Librarians
  • Musicians
  • NASA scientists
  • Newspaper printers
  • Office workers
  • Post office workers
  • Radio DJs
  • Real estate brokers
  • Senior citizens
  • Taxis
  • Teachers
  • Truck drivers

4 Responses

  1. There are many ways that technology can change and adapt for the future of truck driving. For example, many autonomous vehicles have levels of autonomy that a car can have. From driving assistance, to fully autonomous; there are many ways the future for truck drivers can be assisted or disrupted. As referenced in a Synopsys article, autonomous cars rely on sensors that can detect traffic lights, maintain a map, and use sensors for spatial awareness. This technology makes the management of how to run a truck significantly different if driving is not an issue anymore for truck drivers. The main question this technology poses however, is what will become of the truck drivers?
    When it comes to the investment and production of autonomous vehicles, the cost comes to the truck drivers who have jobs and need to support their families with their line of work. Of course, in many industries, managing AI and autonomous machinery has only recently adapted, the lines of those working in factory/corporation based jobs. Then again, there are some real issues that also come with being a truck driver. The health risks for obesity, the issue of maintaining social relationships, and the lifestyle all make it more reason for less and less to go into that industry. In a New York Times article written by Peter S. Goodman, being interviewed, is Stephen Graves, a 65 year old truck driver that speaks on the life of a truck driver.
    “The lifestyle probably is the first thing that smacks people in the face,” he says. “You know what it does to you. You’re thinking about it all the time. We’re tired. Our bodies are starting to go. Our bladders have been put to the test. And no exercise. We end up with all types of heart and other health ailments. You can’t truly fathom what it’s done to you.”
    Yet, for those relying on this industry with adaptability to this lifestyle, the future of autonomous driving will affect them greatly. People working in this occupation may have their jobs altered, or laid off. This may also not benefit some of the corporations that require truck drivers. There is a significant difference between driving with human intuition and driving with a series of coding and censors. Making some split second decisions can really affect the condition, the timeliness, and the ease of delivering products. IF a truck with automated driving where to get there at a timely manner, but the products were handled with little care; the company could lose a lot of profit and have to redo the entire process.

    When looking at autonomous driving in the trucking industry, there are many probable leads into what the future for drivers will look like. For starters the truck drivers themselves will likely be replaced. When it comes to the maintenance of the truck, there may need to be a passenger for fuel and repair, but the driving itself on highways will likely be automated without a driver in case. Automated driving cars are also cheaper in some ways, however I will get that later on in this assignment. Of course there are instances like intuition when driving and whatnot. An article done by Stuart Parker on “Replacing the Human Driver: the future of autonomous driving”, Parker writes on advantages, disadvantages, and issues separating Autonomous Driving in the future.
    “While human judgment is hard to replicate in a self-driving vehicle, there are some things machines do better than people. For example, unlike humans, robots cannot get tired on long drives or get distracted by external forces.”

    Links to Articles:,How%20Do%20Autonomous%20Cars%20Work%3F,different%20parts%20of%20the%20vehicle.

  2. MJ Apon
    September 9th, 2023
    New Media 100
    Mobile devices and bookstore owners

    Mobile devices can and have changed a lot of how us as a society views books, or reading in general. With our mobile devices being right in our hands at all times, we have access to the whole internet, including PDFs of almost any book online. This can affect bookstores owners by having their sales decline, due to PDFs being free and easy to use. In recent years, the bookstore sales have been decreasing 5.7% every year since 2016. Sales are not the only thing that is affecting physical bookstores though. EBooks are a lot cheaper to make than physical books, which is why they can be a lot more favorable than physical books. Getting up and going to a physical store and renting or buying a book can be a hassle when comparing it to something that’s as easy as a few finger taps on a screen. Mobile devices can affect the sales of bookstores in more ways than just EBooks however. Mobile devices can stunt our development in our brain, leading to short attention spans. This can greatly affect not only bookstores, but reading in general. People will have a tough time sitting still or keeping focus when finding themselves reading a book. Mobile devices can and have been affecting bookstore sales yearly and have caused us to lose sight in the world of reading due to our peoples need for a form of quick entertainment developed by our mobile devices, especially in social media.

    Source 1 ),increasing%20popularity%20of%20e%2Dbooks.

    Source 2),lower%20price%20than%20print%20editions.

    Source 3),a%20certain%20period%20of%20time.

  3. DJs on the radio are a dying profession due to applications like Spotify and services like Apple Music. However, there is still a demographic that enjoys listening into the radio from both time to time and as a daily habit. First I would like to discuss the numerous pros of using mobile devices to increase their audience and increase income. Nearly every human that can has some sort of mobile device, whether it’s an iPhone, Android, flip phone, etc. Consumers having such a powerful device in their pocket means more and more can download apps to listen to radio on the go. As a personal experience, another brother in my fraternity listens to mainly Jemp Radio, an online radio station featuring jam bands like The Grateful Dead and Fish. He streams it on his home computer just as often as he tunes in through his phone. This is a prime example of the versatility of mobile devices in the radio industry. Secondly, mobile devices not only can be used for streaming radio stations, but researching as well. Let’s say you come across a radio station you may be interested in. Google and DuckDuckGo can bring you up nearly all the information you could possibly need on said radio station if you hear minimal information, for instance. All of this power and resources in one’s pocket is awing.

    With great power comes great responsibility, however, and a slight amount of wins and losses. For one, if someone has access to a mobile device, radio listening is both more enjoyable and easy to use. With this, more and more people can start enjoying radio, which boosts revenue for digital radio companies across the world. InsiderRadio, an online company devoted to sharing revenue information with the public, calculates that 2022 brought the industry $1.8 Billion dollars, which was “a 21.1% year-over-income increase” (InsiderRadio, February 2023). 2Way Radio Shop concours with the notion that mobile devices can aid the increase in the radio industry. In their April 29th, 2021 article titled “Mobile Phone vs. Radio, the Benefits of Two Way Radio,” they state that “Some benefits of using a cellular device over a two-way radio is that if there is cellular signal you can call anywhere in the world. Although, if there is no cellular signal a mobile phone will fail to operate” (2021). With calling, one with a cellular signal can access the radio as well as make calls, which allows people from the far ends of the globe to connect thed music on the radio and with people through it. However, their article does bring up a fair point, that if one doesn’t have a signal or it drops or has an error, the online radio stations become useless. With platforms like Spotify and Apple Music, you can download your own music to listen to offline.

    Even with the increase in popularity of online radio stations, radio as a whole is a falling industry. The Guardian, a UK-based newspaper, states that “Since 2010, around 840,000 15 to 24-year-olds have switched off for good, according to research from Enders Analysis. And among the 6.5 million or so who do still tune in, the amount of time they spend listening has plummeted 29% between 2010 and 2018” (February 2019). Although this is UK-based specifically, it still can reflect the downfall on other continents. Even though we all differ in many ways, humans are creatures of habit. Someone could switch over to the easy-to-use app platform, and like it so much they forget about radio completely. The radio industry has played a vital part in human history, and it’s a shame to see it’s fall from grace.


    2Way Radio Shop. (2023, February 17). Mobile phone vs. radio: The benefits of two-way radios. 2way Radio Shop.

    InsiderRadio. (2023, February 8). Radio has grown digital revenue 80% in the past three years.’s%20digital%20sales,heavily%20dependent%20on%20banner%20ads.

    Sweney, M. (2019, February 8). Is streaming killing the radio star?. The Guardian.

  4. Artificial intelligence could revolutionize the Cybersecurity industry in a number of ways, including eliminating time-consuming tasks and securing authentication ( These programs can scan vast amounts of data in a fraction of the time human experts can, and identify threats without fail. AI will also improve protection against phishing, malware, and fraud. As cybersecurity advances, so do hackers and their techniques, and only AI can prevent an overwhelming flow of new scams and methods.

    While many fear that AI will soon make cybersecurity jobs obsolete, this is not necessarily the truth. Ai is coming for jobs in the industry but researchers have hypothesized around only 7% ( Many of the people who will be affected are working as transcribers, accountants, or even writers. While this is a real chunk, it won’t be the end of human work in cybersecurity that many are expecting.

    While it may not be morally sound, I would support AI having full control over cybersecurity. Outside of the obvious issues including loss of jobs and a lack of understanding and experience with AI, it would be the most practical and safe way to do it. It easily outperforms any human role in cybersecurity and identifies danger much more effectively. Furthermore, as AI becomes more commonplace, scammers will begin using it to take advantage of people. When this becomes the norm, only other AI programs will be able to properly identify and prevent this.